Expatriates Dealing With Differences in Weather
As a country with vast amounts of space stretching across hemispheres, the U.S. has plenty of variety when it comes to weather. At one end of the spectrum, there is Alaska. Alaska is a state known for weather that is primarily cold, with long periods of snow. At the other end of the spectrum, there are states like Oklahoma. During the summer, Oklahoma experiences incredibly high temperatures. Finally, there is the east coast. This is an area of the U.S. that can experience severe storms, which newcomers need to be prepared for. Fortunately, there are ways of developing a sense of readiness before you hit American shores.
Moving to Hot U.S. States
Certain states in the U.S. are hot throughout the year. This includes Florida, Texas, Hawaii, and Louisiana. In some areas of Florida and Hawaii, the temperatures and conditions can reach tropical proportions. Seasonally, Georgia, Mississippi, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Arkansas also host blazing summers.
Regardless of where you move from, you need to be prepared to hydrate yourself more. Not paying close attention to your water intake can lead to illnesses rapidly, especially in the very young and very elderly. Depending on where you move from, you may also want to pay attention to using sunscreen. In many cases, wearing a hat to keep out the sun is also essential. Whenever it is possible to do so, stay indoors between 11 and 3. These are usually the hottest hours of the day when temperatures are high.
If you are moving to a state with slightly tropical weather, watch out for bugs. Mosquitoes are not going to give you a dose of malaria in the U.S., but they will make you itch. Prevent this with nets, bug spray, and by avoiding water becoming more than a day old outdoors.
Handling Cold Weather
Alaska is closer to the North Pole than all other states. Some states experience periods of cold weather at various points throughout the year. This includes Maine, Wyoming, Vermont, and Montana. It stands to reason that you should always have plenty of warm clothing for such weather. However, many people do not prepare their cars or homes for emergencies. In your car, you need to keep a first aid kit, torch, fully charged cellphone, extra warm clothing, a wind-up radio, and a sleeping bag. If you do break down in the cold, these items could save your life. Maintain the same kit within your home, as well as a few days’ worth of food and water.
Freakish Weather in the U.S.
Weather that is freakish to Europe may not seem so in the U.S. This can include tornadoes, hurricanes, and tropical storms. Most of the last two affect the east coast more than other areas, especially the lower half.
Familiarize yourself with the United States Action website, which features weather alerts for all states. Ready.gov advises having at least 72-hours’ worth of food and water for tornadoes. You also need supplies that can help you cope with electricity shortages, such as wind-up flashlights and wind-up radios. The same rules apply for hurricanes, as well as formulating a plan with your family for emergency communication procedures.
During storms, using wind-up radios is a great way to stay up-to-date with the latest developments. Tuning in to local stations can provide you with alerts, even when electricity is down. For all aspects of U.S. weather, the more you prepare, the less likely you are to encounter problems.